Balsam - 1) A soothing or healing agent. 2) A resinous substance obtained from the exudations of various trees and used in medicinal preparations.
Bitter - Characterised by a bitter principle which acts on the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach to increase appetite and promote digestion.
Calmative - An agent that has a mild sedative or tranquilising effect.
Cardiac - An agent that stimulates or otherwise affects the heart.
Carminitive - An agent for expelling gas from the intestines.
Cathartic - An agent that acts to empty the bowels, laxative.
Caustic - A corrosive substance capable of burning or eating away tissues.
Cholagogue - An agent for increasing the flow of bile into the intestines.
Coagulant - An agent that induces clotting in a liquid, such as blood.
Counter-irritant - An agent for producing irritation in one part of the body to counteract irritation or inflammation in another part.
Demulcent - A substance that soothes irritated tissue, particularly mucous membrane.
Deodorant - A herb that has the effect of destroying or masking odours.
Depressant - An agent which lessens nervous of functional activity; opposite of stimulant.
Depurative - An agent that cleanses and purifies the system, particularly the blood.
Detergent - An agent that cleanses wounds and sores of diseased or dead matter.
Diaphoretic - An agent that promotes perspiration; sudorific.
Digestive - An agent that promotes or aids digestion.
Disinfectant - An agent that cleanses infection by destroying or inhibiting the activity of disease-producing micro-organisms.
Diuretic - An agent that increases the secretion and expulsion of urine.